RSS Tutorial

{embed_html}

  1. Introducing RSS
  2. Choosing Content for Your Feeds
  3. Publishing Your Feed
  4. Telling People About Your Feed
  5. Format Versions and Modules
  6. Which Format Should I Choose?
  7. Tips for Generating Good Feeds
  8. Feed Tools
  9. More Information
  10. About this Document

Think about all of the information that you access on the Web on a day-to-day basis; news headlines, search results, “What’s New”, job vacancies, and so forth. A large amount of this content can be thought of as a list; although it probably isn’t in HTML

  • elements, the information is list-oriented.

    Most people need to track a number of these lists, but it becomes difficult once there are more than a handful of sources. This is because they have to go to each page, load it, remember how it’s formatted, and find where they last left off in the list.

    RSS is an XML-based format that allows the syndication of lists of hyperlinks, along with other information, or metadata, that helps viewers decide whether they want to follow the link.

    This allows peoples’ computers to fetch and understand the information, so that all of the lists they’re interested in can be tracked and personalized for them. It is a format that’s intended for use by computers on behalf of people, rather than being directly presented to them (like HTML).

    To enable this, a Web site will make a feed, or channel, available, just like any other file or resource on the server. Once a feed is available, computers can regularly fetch the file to get the most recent items on the list. Most often, people will do this with an aggregator, a program that manages a number of lists and presents them in a single interface.

    Feeds can also be used for other kinds of list-oriented information, such as syndicating the content itself (often weblogs) along with the links. However, this tutorial focuses on the use of RSS for syndication of links.

    What’s in a feed?

    A feed contains a list of items or entries, each of which is identified by a link. Each item can have any amount of other metadata associated with it as well.

    The most basic metadata for an entry includes a title for the link and a description of it; when syndicating news headlines, these fields might be used for the story title and the first paragraph or a summary, for example. For example, a simple entry might look like:

    Earth Invaded http://news.example.com/2004/12/17/invasion The earth was attacked by an invasion fleet from halfway across the galaxy; luckily, a fatal miscalculation of scale resulted in the entire armada being eaten by a small dog.

    Additionally, the feed itself can have metadata associated with it, so that it can be given a title (e.g., “Bob’s news headlines”), description, and other fields like publisher and copyright terms.

    For an idea of what full feeds look like, see ‘RSS Versions and Modules’.

    How do people use feeds?

    Aggregators are the most common use of feeds, and there are several types. Web aggregators (sometimes called portals) make this view available in a Web page; my Yahoo is a well-known example of this. Aggregators have also been integrated into e-mail clients, users’ desktops, or standalone, dedicated software.

    Aggregators can offer a variety of special features, including combining several related feeds into a single view, hiding entries that the viewer has already seen, and categorizing feeds and entries.

    Other uses of feeds include site tracking by search engines and other software; because the feed is machine-readable, the search software doesn’t have to figure out which parts of the site are important and which parts are just the navigation and presentation. You may also choose to allow people to republish your feeds on their Web sites, giving them the ability to represent your content as they require.

    Why should I make a feed available?

    Your viewers will thank you, and there will be more of them, because it allows them to see your site without going out of their way to visit.

    While this seems bad at first glance, it actually improves your site’s visibility; by making it easier for your users to keep up with your site — allowing them to see it the way they want to — it’s more likely that they’ll know when something that interests them is available on your site.

    For example, imagine that your company announces a new product or feature every month or two. Without a feed, your viewers have to remember to come to your site and see if they find anything new — if they have time. If you provide a feed for them, they can point their aggregator or other software at it, and it will give them a link and a description of developments at your site almost as soon as they happen.

    News is similar; because there are so many sources of news on the Web, most of your viewers won’t come to your site every day. By providing a feed, you are in front of them constantly, improving the chances that they’ll click through to an article that catches their eye.

    But isn’t that giving away my content?

    No! You still retain copyright on your content (if you wish to).

    You also control what information is syndicated in the feed, whether it’s a full article or just a teaser. Your content can still be protected by your current access control mechanisms; only the links and metadata are distributed. You can also protect the RSS feed itself with SSL encryption and HTTP username/password authentication too, if you’d like.

    In many ways, syndication is similar to the subscription newsletters that many sites offer to keep viewers up-to-date. The big difference is that they don’t have to supply an e-mail address, lowering the barrier of privacy concerns, while still giving you a direct channel to your viewers. Also, they get to see the content in the manner that’s most convenient to them, which means that you get more eyes looking at your content.

    Choosing Content for Your Feeds

    Any list-oriented information on your site that your viewers might be interested in tracking or reusing is a good candidate for a feed. This can encompass news headlines and press releases, job listings, conference calendars and rankings (like ‘top 10’ lists).

    For example;

    • News & Announcements – headlines, notices and any list of announcements that are added to over time
    • Document listings – lists of added or changed pages, so that people don’t need to constantly check for different content
    • Bookmarks and other external links – while most people use RSS for sharing links from their own sites, it’s a natural fit for sharing lists of external links
    • Calendars – listings of past or upcoming events, deadlines or holidays
    • Mailing lists – to compliment a Web-based archive of public or private e-mail lists
    • Search results – to let people track changing or new results to their searches
    • Databases – job listings, software releases, etc.

    While it’s a good start to have a “master feed” for your site that lists recent news and events, don’t stop there. Generally, each area of your site that features a changing list of information should have a corresponding feed; this allows viewers to precisely target their interests.

    For example, if your news site has pages for World news, national news, local news, business, sports, etc., there should be a feed for each of these sections.

    If your site offers a personalized view of data (e.g., people can choose categories of information that will show up on their home page), offer this as a feed, so that the viewers’ Web pages match the content of their feeds.

    A great example of this is the variety of feeds that Netflix provides; not only can you keep track of new releases, but also personalised reccommendations and even a listing of the movies in your queue.

    Another good example is Apple’s iTunes Music Store RSS feed generator; you can customize it based on your preferences, and the views it allows match those provided in the Music Store itself.

    Finally, remember that feeds are just as — if not more — useful on an Intranet as they are on the Internet. Syndication can be a powerful tool for sharing and integrating information inside a company.

    Publishing Your Feed

    There are a number of ways to generate a feed from your content. First of all, explore your content management system – it might already have an option to generate an RSS feed.

    If that option isn’t available, you have a number of choices;

    • Self-scraping — The easiest way to publish a feed from existing content. Scraping tools fetch your Web page and pull out the relevant parts for the feed, so that you don’t have to change your publishing system. Some use regular expressions or XPath expressions, while others require you to mark up your page with minimal hints (usually using
      or tags) that help it decide what should be put into the feed.
    • Feed integration — If your site is dynamically generated (using languages like Perl, Python or PHP), it may have a RSS library available, so that you can integrate the feed into your publishing process.
    • Starting with the feed — Alternatively, you can manage the list-oriented parts of your content in the RSS feed itself, and generate your Web pages (as well as other content, like e-mail lists) from the feed. This has the advantage of always having the correct information in the feed, and tools like XSLT make this option easy, especially if you’re starting from scratch.
    • Third party scraping — If none of these options work for you, some people on the Web will scrape your site for you and make the feed available. Be warned, however, that this is never as reliable or accurate as doing it yourself, because they don’t know the details of your content or your system. Also, using third parties introduces another point of failure in the delivery process; problems there (network, server or business) will cause your feed to be unavailable.

    For more information about all of these options, see “Feed Tools” and “More Information”.

    Telling People About Your Feed

    An important step after publishing a feed is letting your viewers know that it exists; there are a lot of feeds available on the Web now, but it’s hard to find them, making it difficult for viewers to utilize them.

    Pages that have an associated RSS feed should clearly indicate this to viewers by using a link containing like ‘RSS feed’. For example,

    RSS feed for this page

    where ‘feed.rss’ is the URL for the feed. the ‘type’ attribute tells browsers that this is a link to an RSS feed in a way that they understand.

    Additionally, some programs look for a link in the section of your HTML. To support this, include a tag;

    My Page

    These links should be placed on the Web page that is most similar to the feed content; this enables people to find them as they browse.

    Note that Atom feeds should use application/atom+xml rather than application/rss+xml in both styles of use.

    Finally, there are a number of guides and registries for RSS feeds that people can search and browse through, much like the Yahoo directory for Web sites; it’s a good idea to register your feed; see More Information.

    Format Versions and Modules

    There are a number of different versions of the RSS format in use today, but the main choices are RSS 1.0 and RSS 2.0. Each version has its benefits and drawbacks; RSS 2.0 is known for its simplicity, while RSS 1.0 is more extensible and fully specified. Both formats are XML-based and have the same basic structure.

    There’s one more choice; Atom is an effort in the IETF (an Internet standards body) to come up with a well-documented, standard syndication format. Although it has a different name, it has the same basic functions as RSS, and many people use the term “RSS” to refer to RSS or Atom syndication.

    This section presents a quick overview of each; for more information, see their specifications and supporting materials.

    RSS 2.0 is championed by UserLand’s Dave Winer. In this version, RSS stands for “Really Simple Syndication,” and simplicity is its focus.

    This branch of RSS is based on RSS 0.91, which was first documented at Netscape and later refined by Userland.

    Included in 2.0.1 – the latest stable version of this branch — are channel metadata like link, title, description; image, which allows you to specify a thumbnail image to display with the feed); webMaster and managingEditor, to identify who’s responsible for the feed, and lastBuildDate, which shows when the feed was last updated.

    Items have the standard link, title and description metadata, as well as other, more experimental facilities like enclosure, which allows attachments to be automatically downloaded (don’t expect these features to be supported by all aggregators, however). Finally, items can have a guid element that identifies the item uniquely; this allows some advanced functionality in some aggregators.

    Here’s an example of a minimal RSS 2.0 feed:

    Example Channel http://example.com/ My example channel News for September the Second http://example.com/2002/09/01 other things happened today News for September the First http://example.com/2002/09/02

    In the RSS 2.0 roadmap, Winer states that this branch is, for all practical purposes, frozen, except for clarifications to the specification.

    However, exensions to the format are allowed in separate modules, using XML Namespaces to avoid conflicts in their names. For example, if you had an ISBN module to track books, it might look like this;

    Excession</link> <link>http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0553575376</link> <book:isbn>0553575376</book:isbn> </item> </p> <p>Generally, though, you should look for available RSS Modules, rather than defining your own, unless you’re sure that what you need doesn’t exist.</p> <p>RSS 1.0 stands for “RDF Site Summary.” This flavor of RSS incorporates <em><a href="http://www.w3.org/RDF/">RDF</a></em>, a Web standard for metadata. Because RSS 1.0 uses RDF, any RDF processor can understand RSS without knowing anything about it in particular. This allows syndicated feeds to easily become part of the <em>Semantic Web</em>.</p> <p>RSS 1.0 also uses XML Namespaces to allow extensions, in a manner similar to RSS 2.0.</p> <p>RSS 1.0 feeds look very similar to RSS 2.0 feeds, with a few key differences;</p> <ul> <li>The entire feed is wrapped in <rdf:RDF> … </rdf:RDF> elements (so that processors know that it’s RDF)</li> <li>Each <item> has an rdf:about attribute that usually, but not always, matches the <link>; this assigns an identifier to each item</li> <li>There’s an <items> element in the channel metadata that contains a list of items in the channel, so that RDF processors can keep track of the relationship between the items</li> <li>Some metadata uses the rdf:resource attribute to carry links, instead of putting it inside the element.</li> </ul> <p>RSS 1.0 is developed and maintained by an ad hoc group of interested people; see their Web site for <a href="http://purl.org/rss/1.0/">more information about RSS 1.0 and RSS Modules</a>. See below for an example of an RSS 1.0 feed.</p> <h4>Dublin Core Module</h4> <p>The most well-known example of an RSS 1.0 Module is the <a href="http://www.purl.org/rss/1.0/modules/dc/">Dublin Core Module</a>. The <em>Dublin Core</em> is a set of metadata developed by librarians and information scientists that standardizes a set of common metadata that is useful for describing documents, among other things. The Dublin Core Module uses these metadata to attach information to both feeds (in the channel metadata) and to individual items.</p> <p>This module includes useful elements like dc:date, for associating dates with items, dc:subject, which can be useful for categorizing items or feeds, and dc:rights, for dictating the intellectual property rights associated with an item or a feed.</p> <p>Here’s an example of a minimal RSS 1.0 feed that uses the Dublin Core Module:</p> <p> <?xml version="1.0"?> <rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns="http://purl.org/rss/1.0/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" > <channel rdf:about="http://example.com/news.rss"> <title>Example Channel http://example.com/ My example channel News for September the First http://example.com/2002/09/01/ other things happened today 2002-09-01 News for September the Second http://example.com/2002/09/02/ 2002-09-02

    As you can see, RSS 1.0 is a bit more verbose than 2.0, mostly because it needs to be compatible with other versions of RSS while containing the markup that RDF processors need.

    Atom

    Both RSS 1.0 and 2.0 are informal specifications; that is, they aren’t published by a well-known standards body or industry consortium, but instead by a small group of people.

    Some people are concerned by this, because such specifications can be changed at the whim of the people who control it. Standards bodies bring stability, by limiting change and having well-established procedures for introducing it. To introduce such stability to syndication, a group of people established an IETF Working Group to standardise a format called Atom.

    Atom is functionally similar to both branches of RSS, and is also an XML-based format.

    For example;

    Example Feed 2003-12-13T18:30:02Z John Doe urn:uuid:60a76c80-d399-11d9-b93C-0003939e0af6 Atom-Powered Robots Run Amok urn:uuid:1225c695-cfb8-4ebb-aaaa-80da344efa6a 2003-12-13T18:30:02Z

    Some text.

    As you can see, Atom has a feed element that contains both the feed-level metadata as well as the entrys (analogous to RSS’ items), and entry can contain similar metadata, such as title, link, id (instead of RSS 1.0’s rdf:about or RSS 2.0’s guid), and a short textual summary (instead of RSS’ description).

    Generally, Atom isn’t as widely supported as RSS 1.0 or 2.0 right now, because it’s relatively new. However, it should catch up quickly, because of the broad base of vendors supporting the standardisation effort.

    Which Format Should I Choose?

    One of the most confusing and unfortunate problems in syndication is the large number of formats in use. In addition to those listed above, there are many other formats (e.g., RSS 0.9, 0.91, 0.92) that are commonly encountered on the Web.

    For better or worse, the decision isn’t as critical as you might think. Most aggregators and other software use syndication libraries which abstract out the particular format that a feed is in, so that they can consume any popular syndication feed.

    As a result, which format to choose is a matter of personal taste. RSS 1.0 is very extensible, and useful if you want to integrate it into Semantic Web systems. RSS 2.0 is very simple and easy to author by hand. Atom is now an IETF Standard, bringing stability and a natural community to support its use.

    Tips for Generating Good Feeds

    RSS and Atom are easy to work with, but like any new format, you may encounter some problems in using them. This section attempts to address the most common issues that arise when generating a feed.

    • Distinct Entries — Make sure that aggregators can tell your entries apart, by using different identifiers in rdf:about (RSS 1.0), guid (RSS 2.0) and id (Atom). This will save a lot of headaches down the road.
    • Meaningful Metadata — Try to make the metadata useful on its own; for example, if you only include a short , people may not know what the link is about. By the same token, if you shove an entire article into <description>, it’ll crowd people’s view of the feed, and they’re less likely to stay interested in what you have to say. Generally, you want to put enough into the feed to help someone decide whether they should follow the link.</li> <li>Encoding HTML — Although it’s tempting, refrain from including HTML markup (like <a href="http://www.mnot.net/...">, <b> or <p>) in your RSS feed; because you don’t know how it will be presented, doing so can prevent your feed from being displayed correctly. If you need to include a tag in the text of the feed (e.g., the title of an entry is “Ode to <title>”), make sure you escape ampersands and angle brackets (so that it would be “Ode to <title>”).</li> <li>XML Entities — Remember that XML doesn’t predefine entities like HTML does; therefore, you won’t have   © and other common entities available. You can define them in the XML, or alternatively just use an character encoding that makes what you need available.</li> <li>Character Encoding — Some software generates feeds using Windows character sets, and sometimes mislabels them. The safest thing to do is to encode your feed as UTF-8 and check it by parsing it with an XML parser.</li> <li>Communicating with Viewers — Don’t use entries in your feed to communicate to your users; for example, some feeds have been known to use the <description> to dictate copyright terms. Use the appropriate element or module.</li> <li>Communicating with Machines — Likewise, use the appropriate HTTP status codes if your feed has relocated (usually, 301 Moved Permanently) or is no longer available (410 Gone or 404 Not Found).</li> <li>Making your Feed Cache-Friendly — Successful feeds see a fair amount of traffic because clients poll them often to see if they’ve changed. To support the load, Web Caching can help; see the <a href="http://www.mnot.net/cache_docs/">caching tutorial</a>.</li> <li>Validate — use the <a href="http://www.feedvalidator.org/">Feed Validator</a> to catch any problems in your feed; it works with RSS and Atom. Also, don’t just run it once; make sure you regularly check your feed, so that you can catch transient errors.</li> </ul> <p>This is an incomplete list of tools for creating feeds and checking them to make sure that you’ve done so correctly. Note that there are many more libraries that help parsing feeds; these haven’t been included here because this tutorial focuses on the Webmaster, not consumers of feeds.</p> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.w3.org/2000/08/w3c-synd/#">Site Summaries in XHTML</a> — Online service (also available as an XSLT stylesheet) that uses hints in your HTML to generate a feed.</li> <li><a href="http://www.mnot.net/python/RSS.py">RSS.py</a> — Python library for generating and parsing RSS.</li> <li><a href="http://rometools.github.io/rome/">ROME</a> — Java library for parsing and generating RSS and Atom feeds, as well as translating between formats.</li> <li><a href="http://search.cpan.org/author/EISEN/XML-RSS/">XML::RSS</a> — Perl module for generating and parsing RSS.</li> <li><a href="http://www.feedvalidator.org/">Online Validator</a> – Check your RSS 1.0, 2.0 and Atom feeds.</li> </ul> <h2>More Information</h2> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue35/miller/">Syndicated content</a> — Good list of best practices for creating an RSS feed.</li> <li><a href="http://rssgov.com/rssworkshop.html">RSS Workshop</a> — A well-regarded introduction to publishing RSS feeds, from the state of Utah Online Services division.</li> <li><a href="http://www.oreillynet.com/rss/">RSS Devcenter</a> — O’reilly’s Web portal for all things RSS.</li> </ul> <h2>About this Document</h2> <p>This document is by <a href="http://www.mnot.net/mailto:mnot@mnot.net">Mark Nottingham</a>, Copyright ©2002-2005. This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd-nc/2.0/">Creative Commons License</a>.</p> <p>If you do mirror this document, please send e-mail to the address above, so that you can be informed of updates.</p> <p>All trademarks within are property of their respective holders.</p> <p>Although the author believes the contents to be accurate at the time of publication, no liability is assumed for them, their application or any consequences thereof. If any misrepresentations, errors or other need for clarification is found, please contact the author.</p> <p>The latest revision of this document can always be obtained from <a href="http://www.mnot.net/./">http://www.mnot.net/rss/tutorial/</a></p> <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/"><img alt="Creative Commons License" src="http://www.mnot.net/lib/by-nc-nd.png" /></a></p> <p> <a href="https://www.mnot.net/rss/tutorial/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Source</a> <!-- WP QUADS Content Ad Plugin v. 1.8.8 --> <div class="quads-location quads-ad1" id="quads-ad1" style="float:left;margin:0px 0px 0px 0;"> <!-- WP QUADS - Quick AdSense Reloaded v.1.8.8 Content AdSense async --> <script async data-cfasync="false" src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js"></script><script type="text/javascript" data-cfasync="false"> var quads_screen_width = document.body.clientWidth; if ( quads_screen_width >= 1140 ) { /* desktop monitors */ document.write('<ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:728px;height:90px;" data-ad-client="pub-2723567151304887" data-ad-slot="8693569745" ></ins>'); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); }if ( quads_screen_width >= 1024 && quads_screen_width < 1140 ) { /* tablet landscape */ document.write('<ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:728px;height:90px;" data-ad-client="pub-2723567151304887" data-ad-slot="8693569745" ></ins>'); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); }if ( quads_screen_width >= 768 && quads_screen_width < 1024 ) { /* tablet portrait */ document.write('<ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:728px;height:90px;" data-ad-client="pub-2723567151304887" data-ad-slot="8693569745" ></ins>'); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); }if ( quads_screen_width < 768 ) { /* phone */ document.write('<ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:728px;height:90px;" data-ad-client="pub-2723567151304887" data-ad-slot="8693569745" ></ins>'); (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); }</script> <!-- end WP QUADS --> </div> </div> </div><!-- .entry-content --> <div class="screen-reader-text" itemprop="datePublished" itemtype="https://schema.org/Date">2020-01-14</div> </article><!-- .entry --> </div><!-- #content-wrap --> <div class="loop-nav"> <div class="prev">Previous Post: <a href="https://24line.net/news/far-cry-new-dawn-review-thread/" rel="prev">Far Cry New Dawn – Review Thread</a></div> <div class="next">Next Post: <a href="https://24line.net/news/spiders-of-california/" rel="next">Spiders of California</a></div> </div><!-- .loop-nav --> <section id="comments-template"> <div id="respond" class="comment-respond"> <h3 id="reply-title" class="comment-reply-title">Leave a Reply <small><a rel="nofollow" id="cancel-comment-reply-link" href="/tutorials/rss-tutorial/#respond" style="display:none;">Cancel reply</a></small></h3><form action="https://24line.net/wp-comments-post.php" method="post" id="commentform" class="comment-form" novalidate><p class="comment-notes"><span id="email-notes">Your email address will not be published.</span> Required fields are marked <span class="required">*</span></p><p class="comment-form-comment"><label for="comment">Comment</label> <textarea id="comment" name="comment" cols="45" rows="8" maxlength="65525" required="required"></textarea></p><p class="comment-form-author"><label for="author">Name <span class="required">*</span></label> <input id="author" name="author" type="text" value="" size="30" maxlength="245" required='required' /></p> <p class="comment-form-email"><label for="email">Email <span class="required">*</span></label> <input id="email" name="email" type="email" value="" size="30" maxlength="100" aria-describedby="email-notes" required='required' /></p> <p class="comment-form-url"><label for="url">Website</label> <input id="url" name="url" type="url" value="" size="30" maxlength="200" /></p> <p class="comment-form-cookies-consent"><input id="wp-comment-cookies-consent" name="wp-comment-cookies-consent" type="checkbox" value="yes" /> <label for="wp-comment-cookies-consent">Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.</label></p> <p class="form-submit"><input name="submit" type="submit" id="submit" class="submit" value="Post Comment" /> <input type='hidden' name='comment_post_ID' value='31328' id='comment_post_ID' /> <input type='hidden' name='comment_parent' id='comment_parent' value='0' /> </p></form> </div><!-- #respond --> </section><!-- #comments-template --> </main><!-- #content --> <aside id="sidebar-primary" class="sidebar sidebar-primary hgrid-span-4 layout-wide-right " role="complementary" itemscope="itemscope" itemtype="https://schema.org/WPSideBar"> <section id="search-8" class="widget widget_search"><div class="searchbody"><form method="get" class="searchform" action="https://24line.net/" ><label for="s" class="screen-reader-text">Search</label><i class="fas fa-search"></i><input type="text" class="searchtext" name="s" placeholder="Type Search Term …" value="" /><input type="submit" class="submit forcehide" name="submit" value="Search" /></form></div><!-- /searchbody --></section><section id="custom_html-36" class="widget_text widget widget_custom_html"><h3 class="widget-title">ADVERTISMENT</h3><div class="textwidget custom-html-widget"><script async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js"></script> <!-- margine --> <ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:300px;height:250px" data-ad-client="ca-pub-2723567151304887" data-ad-slot="8779122235"></ins> <script> (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); </script></div></section> <section id="recent-posts-19" class="widget widget_recent_entries"> <h3 class="widget-title">Recent Posts</h3> <ul> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/how-does-video-help-seo/">How Does Video Help SEO?</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/quickstart-tutorial-numpy-v1-17-manual/">Quickstart tutorial — NumPy v1.17 Manual</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/the-paper-chase-1973-rotten-tomatoes/">The Paper Chase (1973) – Rotten Tomatoes</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/powerball-payout-photos-lbc9-news/">Powerball payout Photos — LBC9 News</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/free-magic-downloads-vanishing-inc-magic-shop-9/">Free magic downloads – Vanishing Inc. Magic shop</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/categories-tags-custom-taxonomies-theme-developer-handbook/">Categories, Tags, & Custom Taxonomies | Theme Developer Handbook</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/subscribe-to-email-services/">Subscribe to Email Services</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/airport-transfer-to-from-craiova-romania/">Airport transfer to & from Craiova, Romania</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/bbc-sport-other-sport-snooker/">BBC SPORT | Other sport… | Snooker</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/8-ways-an-artist-can-make-money/">8 Ways An Artist Can Make Money</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/romania/gaseste-punctele-de-vanzare-paysafecard-din-apropiere/">Găseşte punctele de vânzare paysafecard din apropiere</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/kim-kardashian-latest-news-videos-and-photos-on-kim-kardashian/">Kim Kardashian : Latest News, Videos and Photos on Kim Kardashian</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/the-area-51-file-secret-aircraft-and-soviet-migs/">The Area 51 File: Secret Aircraft and Soviet MiGs</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/20-year-old-disney-star-cameron-boyce-dies-of-seizure-report/">20-Year-Old Disney Star Cameron Boyce Dies Of Seizure: Report</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/antonio-brown-videos-antonio-brown-clips/">antonio brown videos, antonio brown clips</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/free-elearning-avoids-common-error-sources-and-improves-weighing-safety-labmate-online/">Free eLearning Avoids Common Error Sources and Improves Weighing Safety Labmate Online</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/restaurants-near-allied-plumbing-heating-shops-amenities-195-plumstead-common-road-woolwich-se18-2uj-nearby-shops-bars-restaurants-and-cinemas/">Restaurants near Allied Plumbing & Heating Shops & Amenities, 195 Plumstead Common Road Woolwich SE18 2UJ – Nearby Shops, Bars, Restaurants and Cinemas</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/new-hear-website-niche/">New HEAR Website – NiCHE</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/marketing-5/">Marketing</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/conor-mcgregor-showyoursearch/">Conor McGregor – ShowYourSearch</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/i-come-back-for-redemption-conor-mcgregor-motivational-video/">“I COME BACK FOR REDEMPTION!” | Conor McGregor (Motivational Video)</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/html-for-kids-chapter-7-links/">HTML for Kids Chapter 7 Links</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/implementing-a-drop-target-codeproject/">Implementing a Drop Target – CodeProject</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/high-rockies-apts-housing-for-rent/">high rockies apts/housing for rent</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/java-developer-mgm-technology-partners/">Java Developer – mgm technology partners</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/john-brown-motor-sport-magazine/">John Brown – Motor Sport Magazine</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/mansfield-news-bbc-news/">Mansfield News – BBC News</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/conor-mcgregor-details-and-gambling-odds-for-ufc-return-vs-cowboy-cerrone/">Conor McGregor: Details and Gambling Odds for UFC Return Vs. Cowboy Cerrone</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/fox-news-launches-fox-nation-as-news-networks-try-to-catch-the-streaming-wave/">Fox News launches ‘Fox Nation’ as news networks try to catch the streaming wave</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/translate-pdf-word-document-files-using-google-docs-translation/">Translate PDF, Word Document Files Using Google Docs Translation</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/tokenization/">Tokenization</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/the-home-depot-27-photos-23-reviews-hardware-stores-1035-route-1-s-edison-nj-phone-number/">The Home Depot – 27 Photos & 23 Reviews – Hardware Stores – 1035 Route 1 S, Edison, NJ – Phone Number</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/the-motor-vehicles-driving-licences-regulations-1999/">The Motor Vehicles (Driving Licences) Regulations 1999</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/how-to-photograph-the-northern-lights/">How to Photograph the Northern Lights</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/youtube/awkward-elevator-3/">Awkward Elevator</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/will-take-control-of-pok-if-govt-asks-army-chief-general-manoj-naravane-india-news/">Will take control of PoK if govt asks: Army chief General Manoj Naravane – india news</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/youtube/sim-cockpit-autopilot-autopilot-state-x-plane-sdk/">Sim/cockpit/autopilot/autopilot state – X-Plane SDK</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/list-of-usable-html-meta-and-link-tags-%c2%b7-github/">List of Usable HTML Meta and Link Tags · GitHub</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/android-gmail-bug-lets-you-spoof-your-email-address-naked-security/">Android Gmail bug lets you spoof your email address – Naked Security</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/universitatea-craiova-uefa-com/">Universitatea Craiova – UEFA.com</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/ebay-uk-ebay-for-charity/">eBay UK : eBay For Charity</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/debian-details-of-package-thunar-vcs-plugin-in-sid/">Debian — Details of package thunar-vcs-plugin in sid</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/posts/">Posts</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/romania/acasa/">Acasă</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/free-embroidery-design-downloads-bunnycup-embroidery-8/">Free Embroidery Design Downloads – Bunnycup Embroidery</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/beautiful-mind-mathematician-john-nash-dies-in-crash/">‘Beautiful Mind’ mathematician John Nash dies in crash</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/antonio-brown-russell-rice/">Antonio Brown – Russell Rice</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/cfg-cu-aim-girlshare-holdingsshara/">Cfg Cu Aim Girlshare – holdingsshara</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/bank-of-america-financial-center-in-cocoa-beach-fl/">Bank of America Financial Center in Cocoa Beach, FL</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/rfc-5280-internet-x-509-public-key-infrastructure-certificate-and-certificate-revocation-list-crl-profile/">RFC 5280 – Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Profile</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/worcester-trailers-craigslist/">worcester trailers – craigslist</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/newark-man-claimed-two-50k-winning-powerball-tickets-tonights-343m-jackpot-up-for-grabs/">Newark man claimed two $50K winning Powerball tickets; tonight’s $343M jackpot up for grabs</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/how-to-find-your-target-audience/">How To Find Your Target Audience</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/java-api-quran-java-api/">Java API – Quran Java API</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/cambridgeshire-bbc-news/">Cambridgeshire – BBC News</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/conor-mcgregor-vs-cowboy-cerrone-becomes-more-competitive-each-day/">Conor McGregor vs Cowboy Cerrone becomes more competitive each day….</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/roger-ailes-scandal-julie-roginsky%e2%80%ac%e2%80%ac-hits-fox-news-with-sex-harassment-suit/">Roger Ailes Scandal: Julie Roginsky‬‬ Hits Fox News With Sex Harassment Suit</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/chinas-u-s-trade-deal-commitments-not-changed-in-translation-mnuchin/">China’s U.S. trade deal commitments not changed in translation: Mnuchin</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/zlib-dll-windows-process-what-is-it/">zlib.dll Windows process – What is it?</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/youtube/a-brief-history-of-makeup-and-gender/">A Brief History of Makeup and Gender</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/ussd_service-flutter-package/">ussd_service | Flutter Package</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/quiz-transfer-talk-week-three-how-much-do-you-know-about-football-transfers-football-news/">QUIZ: Transfer Talk – Week Three: How much do you know about football transfers? | Football News</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/the-jails-a-fine-school/">The Jail’s a Fine School</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/youtube/how-to-not-be-awkward-in-a-club/">How to NOT be awkward in a club?</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/driving-overseas-australian-automobile-association/">Driving overseas – Australian Automobile Association</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/god-of-war-4-mobile-apps-7/">God of War 4 : Mobile & Apps</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/marketing-unsw-business-school/">Marketing | UNSW Business School</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/youtube/robin-autopilot/">Robin Autopilot</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/accident-craiova-ziare-com/">accident | Craiova | Ziare.com</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/php-test-script-13/">PHP – Test Script.</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/sonning-vintage-watches-ebay-stores/">Sonning Vintage Watches | eBay Stores</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/romania/bucharests-old-town-bucharest-uncovered/">Bucharest’s Old Town | Bucharest Uncovered</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/seo-director-south-east-london-jobs24-co-uk/">SEO Director, South East, London – Jobs24.co.uk</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/setup-microsoft-outlook-hotmail-contacts-and-calendar-sync-on-android/">Setup Microsoft Outlook / Hotmail, Contacts, and Calendar Sync on Android</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/starfall-download-center/">Starfall Download Center</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/manage-your-bookings-easyjet-com/">Manage your bookings – easyJet.com</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/download-synaptics-touchpad-driver-19-0-19-1-for-windows-10-windows-10-64-bit/">Download Synaptics TouchPad Driver 19.0.19.1 for Windows 10, Windows 10 64 bit</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/tutorials/mint-error-or-man-made/">Mint error or man made?</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/world-record-exercise-ball-surfing-overtime-6-dude-perfect/">World Record Exercise Ball Surfing | Overtime 6 | Dude Perfect</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/friendly-http-error-pages-microsoft-docs/">Friendly HTTP Error Pages | Microsoft Docs</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/wire-worm-photoshop-plugin-page-3-%e2%80%a2-gimp-chat/">Wire Worm Photoshop plugin – Page 3 • GIMP Chat</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/symbols-and-their-meaning/">Symbols and their meaning</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/birmingham-al-cars-trucks-by-owner/">birmingham, AL cars & trucks – by owner</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/hello-world-in-java-languages/">Hello World in Java Languages</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/how-to-watch-ufc-246-live-stream-mcgregor-vs-cerrone-from-anywhere-tonight/">How to watch UFC 246: live stream McGregor vs Cerrone from anywhere tonight</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/obama-administration-spied-on-fox-news-reporter-james-rosen-report/">Obama administration spied on Fox News reporter James Rosen: Report</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/ufc-246-irish-fans-react-to-conor-mcgregors-return-mma-fighting/">UFC 246: Irish Fans React To Conor McGregor’s Return – MMA Fighting</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/why-kim-kardashian-west-is-eating-her-placenta/">Why Kim Kardashian West Is Eating Her Placenta</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/xml-db-developers-guide-contents/">XML DB Developer’s Guide – Contents</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> <li> <a href="https://24line.net/news/conor-mcgregor-memorabilia/">Conor McGregor Memorabilia</a> <span class="post-date">29/01/2020</span> </li> </ul> </section> </aside><!-- #sidebar-primary --> </div><!-- .hgrid --> </div><!-- #main --> <footer id="footer" class="site-footer footer hgrid-stretch contrast-typo " role="contentinfo" itemscope="itemscope" itemtype="https://schema.org/WPFooter"> <div class="hgrid"> <div class="hgrid-span-3 footer-column"> <section id="categories-18" class="widget widget_categories"><h3 class="widget-title">Categories</h3> <ul> <li class="cat-item cat-item-93"><a href="https://24line.net/category/movies/">MOVIES</a> (222) </li> <li class="cat-item cat-item-94"><a href="https://24line.net/category/music/">MUSIC</a> (1,064) </li> <li class="cat-item cat-item-1"><a href="https://24line.net/category/news/">NEWS</a> (19,543) </li> <li class="cat-item cat-item-96"><a href="https://24line.net/category/romania/">ROMANIA</a> (665) </li> <li class="cat-item cat-item-44"><a href="https://24line.net/category/sport/">SPORT</a> (219) </li> <li class="cat-item cat-item-92"><a href="https://24line.net/category/tutorials/">TUTORIALS</a> (4,042) </li> <li class="cat-item cat-item-91"><a href="https://24line.net/category/youtube/">YOUTUBE</a> (4,331) </li> </ul> </section> </div> <div class="hgrid-span-6 footer-column"> <section id="text-14" class="widget widget_text"><h3 class="widget-title">ABOUT US</h3> <div class="textwidget"><p>Welcome to 24LINE.NET, your number one source for all things. We’re dedicated to providing you the best news Founded in 2019. 24LINE.NET has come a long way from its beginnings in London. When first started out, my passion for news and tutorials drove them to start my own business.</p> </div> </section><section id="hoot-cta-widget-5" class="widget widget_hoot-cta-widget"> <div class="cta-widget-wrap topborder-line"> <div class="cta-widget-box bottomborder-shadow"> <div class="cta-widget" > <a href="https://24line.net/privacy-terms/" class="cta-widget-button button button-medium border-box">Privacy & Terms</a> </div> </div> </div></section> </div> <div class="hgrid-span-3 footer-column"> <section id="search-10" class="widget widget_search"><div class="searchbody"><form method="get" class="searchform" action="https://24line.net/" ><label for="s" class="screen-reader-text">Search</label><i class="fas fa-search"></i><input type="text" class="searchtext" name="s" placeholder="Type Search Term …" value="" /><input type="submit" class="submit forcehide" name="submit" value="Search" /></form></div><!-- /searchbody --></section><section id="pages-11" class="widget widget_pages"><h3 class="widget-title">Pages</h3> <ul> <li class="page_item page-item-58"><a href="https://24line.net/about-us/">About Us</a></li> <li class="page_item page-item-54"><a href="https://24line.net/privacy-terms/">Privacy & Terms</a></li> </ul> </section><section id="archives-13" class="widget widget_archive"><h3 class="widget-title">Archives</h3> <label class="screen-reader-text" for="archives-dropdown-13">Archives</label> <select id="archives-dropdown-13" name="archive-dropdown"> <option value="">Select Month</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2020/01/'> January 2020  (24766)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/12/'> December 2019  (1521)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/11/'> November 2019  (240)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/10/'> October 2019  (125)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/09/'> September 2019  (111)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/08/'> August 2019  (75)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/07/'> July 2019  (51)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/06/'> June 2019  (37)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/05/'> May 2019  (44)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/04/'> April 2019  (34)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/03/'> March 2019  (50)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/02/'> February 2019  (35)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2019/01/'> January 2019  (40)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/12/'> December 2018  (37)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/11/'> November 2018  (49)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/10/'> October 2018  (43)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/09/'> September 2018  (21)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/08/'> August 2018  (21)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/07/'> July 2018  (36)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/06/'> June 2018  (33)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/05/'> May 2018  (39)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/04/'> April 2018  (20)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/03/'> March 2018  (24)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/02/'> February 2018  (25)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2018/01/'> January 2018  (28)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/12/'> December 2017  (34)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/11/'> November 2017  (28)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/10/'> October 2017  (31)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/09/'> September 2017  (17)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/08/'> August 2017  (30)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/07/'> July 2017  (26)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/06/'> June 2017  (32)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/05/'> May 2017  (26)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/04/'> April 2017  (28)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/03/'> March 2017  (28)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/02/'> February 2017  (28)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2017/01/'> January 2017  (76)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/12/'> December 2016  (15)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/11/'> November 2016  (19)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/10/'> October 2016  (15)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/09/'> September 2016  (30)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/08/'> August 2016  (15)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/07/'> July 2016  (26)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/06/'> June 2016  (20)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/05/'> May 2016  (20)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/04/'> April 2016  (8)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/03/'> March 2016  (8)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/02/'> February 2016  (22)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2016/01/'> January 2016  (11)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/12/'> December 2015  (15)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/11/'> November 2015  (13)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/10/'> October 2015  (16)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/09/'> September 2015  (17)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/08/'> August 2015  (6)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/07/'> July 2015  (19)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/06/'> June 2015  (18)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/05/'> May 2015  (14)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/04/'> April 2015  (18)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/03/'> March 2015  (14)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/02/'> February 2015  (16)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2015/01/'> January 2015  (9)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/12/'> December 2014  (11)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/11/'> November 2014  (13)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/10/'> October 2014  (9)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/09/'> September 2014  (9)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/08/'> August 2014  (12)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/07/'> July 2014  (23)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/06/'> June 2014  (7)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/05/'> May 2014  (13)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/04/'> April 2014  (12)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/03/'> March 2014  (13)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/02/'> February 2014  (11)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2014/01/'> January 2014  (13)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/12/'> December 2013  (9)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/11/'> November 2013  (20)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/10/'> October 2013  (15)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/09/'> September 2013  (8)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/08/'> August 2013  (10)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/07/'> July 2013  (14)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/06/'> June 2013  (13)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/05/'> May 2013  (14)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/04/'> April 2013  (13)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/03/'> March 2013  (15)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/02/'> February 2013  (12)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2013/01/'> January 2013  (10)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/12/'> December 2012  (7)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/11/'> November 2012  (5)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/10/'> October 2012  (10)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/09/'> September 2012  (8)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/08/'> August 2012  (6)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/07/'> July 2012  (8)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/06/'> June 2012  (2)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/05/'> May 2012  (7)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/04/'> April 2012  (5)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/03/'> March 2012  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/02/'> February 2012  (2)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2012/01/'> January 2012  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/12/'> December 2011  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/11/'> November 2011  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/10/'> October 2011  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/09/'> September 2011  (4)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/08/'> August 2011  (6)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/07/'> July 2011  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/06/'> June 2011  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/04/'> April 2011  (4)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/03/'> March 2011  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/02/'> February 2011  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2011/01/'> January 2011  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/12/'> December 2010  (2)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/10/'> October 2010  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/09/'> September 2010  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/08/'> August 2010  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/07/'> July 2010  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/06/'> June 2010  (2)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/05/'> May 2010  (4)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/03/'> March 2010  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/02/'> February 2010  (2)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2010/01/'> January 2010  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/12/'> December 2009  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/11/'> November 2009  (5)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/10/'> October 2009  (6)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/09/'> September 2009  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/08/'> August 2009  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/07/'> July 2009  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/06/'> June 2009  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/05/'> May 2009  (2)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/04/'> April 2009  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/03/'> March 2009  (2)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2009/01/'> January 2009  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2008/10/'> October 2008  (3)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2008/02/'> February 2008  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2007/10/'> October 2007  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2007/07/'> July 2007  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2007/06/'> June 2007  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2005/07/'> July 2005  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2005/04/'> April 2005  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2004/12/'> December 2004  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2004/08/'> August 2004  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2003/12/'> December 2003  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2003/09/'> September 2003  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/2002/11/'> November 2002  (1)</option> <option value='https://24line.net/1999/09/'> September 1999  (1)</option> </select> <script> /* <![CDATA[ */ (function() { var dropdown = document.getElementById( "archives-dropdown-13" ); function onSelectChange() { if ( dropdown.options[ dropdown.selectedIndex ].value !== '' ) { document.location.href = this.options[ this.selectedIndex ].value; } } dropdown.onchange = onSelectChange; })(); /* ]]> */ </script> </section> </div> </div> </footer><!-- #footer --> <div id="post-footer" class="post-footer hgrid-stretch contrast-typo linkstyle"> <div class="hgrid"> <div class="hgrid-span-12"> <p class="credit small"> Copyright ©2016-2020 24LINE.NET. All Rights Reserved.<!--default--> </p><!-- .credit --> </div> </div> </div> </div><!-- #page-wrapper --> <div id="cookie-law-info-bar"><span>This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. <a class="cli_settings_button" style="margin:5px 20px 5px 20px;" >Cookie settings</a><a data-cli_action="accept" id="cookie_action_close_header" class="medium cli-plugin-button cli-plugin-main-button cookie_action_close_header cli_action_button" style="display:inline-block; margin:5px; ">ACCEPT</a></span></div><div id="cookie-law-info-again" style="display:none;"><span id="cookie_hdr_showagain">Privacy & Cookies Policy</span></div><div class="cli-modal" id="cliSettingsPopup" tabindex="-1" role="dialog" aria-labelledby="cliSettingsPopup" aria-hidden="true"> <div class="cli-modal-dialog" role="document"> <div class="cli-modal-content cli-bar-popup"> <button type="button" class="cli-modal-close" id="cliModalClose"> <svg class="" viewBox="0 0 24 24"><path d="M19 6.41l-1.41-1.41-5.59 5.59-5.59-5.59-1.41 1.41 5.59 5.59-5.59 5.59 1.41 1.41 5.59-5.59 5.59 5.59 1.41-1.41-5.59-5.59z"></path><path d="M0 0h24v24h-24z" fill="none"></path></svg> </button> <div class="cli-modal-body"> <div class="cli-container-fluid cli-tab-container"> <div class="cli-row"> <div class="cli-col-12 cli-align-items-stretch cli-px-0"> <div class="cli-privacy-overview"> <h4>Privacy Overview</h4> <div class="cli-privacy-content"> <div class="cli-privacy-content-text">This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience.</div> </div> <a class="cli-privacy-readmore" data-readmore-text="Show more" data-readless-text="Show less"></a> </div> </div> <div class="cli-col-12 cli-align-items-stretch cli-px-0 cli-tab-section-container"> <div class="cli-tab-section cli-privacy-tab"> <div class="cli-tab-header"> <a class="cli-nav-link cli-settings-mobile" > Privacy Overview </a> </div> <div class="cli-tab-content"> <div class="cli-tab-pane cli-fade"> <p>This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="cli-tab-section"> <div class="cli-tab-header"> <a class="cli-nav-link cli-settings-mobile" data-target="necessary" data-toggle="cli-toggle-tab" > Necessary </a> <span class="cli-necessary-caption">Always Enabled</span> </div> <div class="cli-tab-content"> <div class="cli-tab-pane cli-fade" data-id="necessary"> <p>Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="cli-tab-section"> <div class="cli-tab-header"> <a class="cli-nav-link cli-settings-mobile" data-target="non-necessary" data-toggle="cli-toggle-tab" > Non-necessary </a> <div class="cli-switch"> <input type="checkbox" id="checkbox-non-necessary" class="cli-user-preference-checkbox" data-id="checkbox-non-necessary" checked /> <label for="checkbox-non-necessary" class="cli-slider" data-cli-enable="Enabled" data-cli-disable="Disabled">Non-necessary</label> </div> </div> <div class="cli-tab-content"> <div class="cli-tab-pane cli-fade" data-id="non-necessary"> <p>Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="cli-modal-backdrop cli-fade cli-settings-overlay"></div> <div class="cli-modal-backdrop cli-fade cli-popupbar-overlay"></div> <script type="text/javascript"> /* <![CDATA[ */ cli_cookiebar_settings='{"animate_speed_hide":"500","animate_speed_show":"500","background":"#FFF","border":"#b1a6a6c2","border_on":false,"button_1_button_colour":"#000","button_1_button_hover":"#000000","button_1_link_colour":"#fff","button_1_as_button":true,"button_1_new_win":false,"button_2_button_colour":"#333","button_2_button_hover":"#292929","button_2_link_colour":"#444","button_2_as_button":false,"button_2_hidebar":false,"button_3_button_colour":"#000","button_3_button_hover":"#000000","button_3_link_colour":"#fff","button_3_as_button":true,"button_3_new_win":false,"button_4_button_colour":"#000","button_4_button_hover":"#000000","button_4_link_colour":"#62a329","button_4_as_button":false,"font_family":"inherit","header_fix":false,"notify_animate_hide":true,"notify_animate_show":false,"notify_div_id":"#cookie-law-info-bar","notify_position_horizontal":"right","notify_position_vertical":"bottom","scroll_close":true,"scroll_close_reload":false,"accept_close_reload":false,"reject_close_reload":false,"showagain_tab":true,"showagain_background":"#fff","showagain_border":"#000","showagain_div_id":"#cookie-law-info-again","showagain_x_position":"100px","text":"#000","show_once_yn":false,"show_once":"10000","logging_on":false,"as_popup":false,"popup_overlay":true,"bar_heading_text":"","cookie_bar_as":"banner","popup_showagain_position":"bottom-right","widget_position":"left"}'; /* ]]> */ </script><script src='https://24line.net/wp-includes/js/comment-reply.min.js?ver=5.3.2'></script> <script src='https://24line.net/wp-includes/js/hoverIntent.min.js?ver=1.8.1'></script> <script src='https://24line.net/wp-content/themes/metrolo/js/jquery.superfish.js?ver=1.7.5'></script> <script src='https://24line.net/wp-content/themes/metrolo/js/jquery.fitvids.js?ver=1.1'></script> <script src='https://24line.net/wp-content/themes/metrolo/js/jquery.parallax.js?ver=1.4.2'></script> <script src='https://24line.net/wp-content/themes/metrolo/js/hoot.theme.js?ver=1.8.5'></script> <script src='https://24line.net/wp-includes/js/wp-embed.min.js?ver=5.3.2'></script> </body> </html>