Official Minecraft Wiki – The Ultimate Resource for Minecraft

Minecraft is a sandbox construction game created by Mojang AB founder Markus “Notch” Persson, inspired by Infiniminer, Dwarf Fortress, Dungeon Keeper, and Notch’s past games Legend of the Chambered and RubyDung. Gameplay involves players interacting with the game world by placing and breaking various types of blocks in a three-dimensional environment. In this environment, players can build creative structures, creations, and artwork on multiplayer servers and singleplayer worlds across multiple game modes.

Minecraft: Java Edition is available for 23.95 (US$26.95, £17.95). When purchased, singleplayer and multiplayer game modes can be played using the downloadable stand-alone launcher. The official demo is free, but has a time limit. Minecraft development started around May 10, 2009, and pre-orders for the full game were accepted starting from June 13, 2009. Minecraft‘s official release date was November 18, 2011. As of July 4, 2018, Java Edition is the second best-selling PC game of all time and has reached 33 million sales as of November 7, 2019.

On August 16, 2011, Minecraft: Pocket Edition, the first edition to use the Bedrock Edition codebase, was released for the Sony Xperia Play gaming smartphone. After its exclusivity with Sony expired, it was released for Android devices on October 7, 2011, iOS devices on November 17, 2011, Fire OS devices on September 13, 2012, and Windows Phone 8.1 on December 10, 2014 for US$6.99. Bedrock Edition was then ported to non-mobile platforms for the first time, starting with Minecraft: Windows 10 Edition on July 29, 2015, and followed by Minecraft: Gear VR Edition on April 27, 2016, and Minecraft: Apple TV Edition and Minecraft: Fire TV Edition on December 19, 2016. On December 1, 2016, Pocket Edition reached 40 million sales. On December 19, 2016, Pocket Edition for Windows Phone 8.1 was officially discontinued. It was replaced by Pocket Edition for Windows 10 Mobile on February 22, 2017. On September 24, 2018, the Apple TV Edition was officially discontinued.

On May 9, 2012, Minecraft: Xbox 360 Edition was released for the Xbox 360 on Xbox Live Arcade for US$19.99, where it subsequently broke every previous sales record. Xbox 360 Edition was the first version to use the codebase known as Legacy Console Edition. It was followed by Minecraft: PlayStation 3 Edition on December 17, 2013, Minecraft: PlayStation 4 Edition on September 4, 2014, Minecraft: Xbox One Edition on September 5, 2014, Minecraft: PlayStation Vita Edition on October 14, 2014, Minecraft: Wii U Edition on December 17, 2015, and Minecraft: Nintendo Switch Edition on May 11, 2017. All editions under this codebase have since been discontinued.

On February 11, 2013, Minecraft: Pi Edition was released for the Raspberry Pi. The Pi Edition was intended as an educational tool for novice programmers and users were encouraged to open and change the game’s code using its API. There were never any subsequent updates and the edition is now officially discontinued.

On September 15, 2014, Mojang AB and all of its assets (including Minecraft) were purchased by Microsoft for US$2.5 billion.

Minecraft China was released on September 5, 2017, for iOS; August 8, 2017, for PC; and October 12, 2017, for Android. The gameplay is similar to the Java and Bedrock editions, but is free to play.

After a beta testing period, Minecraft: Education Edition was released on November 1, 2016, for US$5 per user per year. The Education Edition contains features that make Minecraft more accessible and effective in a classroom setting.

On September 13, 2017, Minecraft: New Nintendo 3DS Edition was released for the New Nintendo 3DS, New Nintendo 3DS XL, and New Nintendo 2DS XL. This edition was officially discontinued on January 15, 2019.

On September 18, 2017, the original version of Minecraft was renamed to Minecraft: Java Edition. Shortly thereafter, on September 20, 2017, the Better Together Update for Bedrock Edition was released on Android, iOS, Fire OS, Windows 10, Samsung Gear VR, and Fire TV, and the editions Pocket Edition, Windows 10 Edition, Gear VR Edition, and Fire TV Edition were then renamed to have the single title Minecraft with no edition name. A port of Bedrock Edition to the Xbox One platform was released that day, discontinuing and replacing the original Xbox One Edition, and a port of Bedrock Edition to the Nintendo Switch platform was released on June 21, 2018, discontinuing and replacing the original Nintendo Switch Edition. The final platform to receive Bedrock Edition was the PlayStation 4 on December 10, 2019, replacing PlayStation 4 Edition.

On May 17, 2019, a spin-off mobile game, Minecraft Earth, was officially announced, and entered closed beta on July 16, 2019. Earth is an augmented-reality game where players can build structures and collect materials by traveling to real-life locations.

Minecraft has sold 180 million copies across all platforms as of November 2019, making it both the best-selling video game of all time and the ninth-best-selling video game franchise of all time, and has 112 million active monthly players as of September 2019. In total, the game has over 480 million players, with 300 million registered users playing on Minecraft China.

Achievements Information on achievements that can be collected. Advancements Information on advancements that can be collected in Minecraft: Java Edition. Blocks Detailed information on the various blocks available. Items Detailed information on the various items available. Biomes Information about all biomes. Enchanting Information about enchanting. Status effects Information about status effects that can be applied to mobs. Mobs Information about the various friendly and non-friendly creatures found in-game. Resource packs Various resource packs that alter the look and feel of the game. Add-ons Various add-ons that alter the look and gameplay of the game. Tutorials Tutorials describing various aspects of gameplay.

Latest news

December 10, 2019 Bedrock Edition released on PlayStation 4, discontinuing the final Legacy Console Edition, PlayStation 4 Edition. December 9, 2019 Mojang announces that Bedrock Edition will be released on the PlayStation 4. November 14, 2019 At X019 in London, Mojang AB announces that Minecraft Dungeons will be released in April 2020. September 28, 2019 MINECON Live 2019 is held, announcing the Nether Update and a release date for Minecraft Earth. September 17, 2019 Double Eleven announces that they are developing Minecraft Dungeons alongside Mojang AB and Xbox Game Studios.

Recent updates

December 18–19, 2019 Bedrock Edition 1.14.1 released. December 17, 2019 Java Edition 1.15.1 released. December 13, 2019 Bedrock Edition released for PlayStation 4. December 11, 2019 Minecraft Earth 0.8.0 released. December 10–11, 2019 Bedrock Edition 1.14.0 released. Servers Documentation on starting and maintaining a server in Java Edition. Minecraft Realms Information about paid Mojang-hosted servers in Java Edition, known as Realms. Minecraft Realms Plus Information about paid Mojang-hosted servers in Bedrock Edition, known as Realms Plus. Official issue tracker Submit and track bug reports and fixes to Minecraft. Official feedback website Submit feedback or suggest changes to Minecraft. Development resources Documentation and information to develop applications to work with Minecraft. Programs and editors A list containing several third-party programs that are designed to work with Minecraft. Featured servers Documentation and information about Bedrock Edition featured servers, along with a list of them.


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